*Corresponding author


46. Zohner CM*, Mirzagholi L, Renner SS, Mo L, Bucher R, Palouš D, Vitasse Y, Fu YH, Stocker BD, Crowther TW (2023). Effect of climate warming on the timing of autumn leaf senescence reverses after the summer solstice. Science. In review.

45. Chen Y, Feng X, Fu B, Ma H, Zohner CM, Crowther TW, Huang Y, Wu X, Wei F (2023). Maps with 1 km resolution reveal increases in above- and belowground forest biomass carbon pools in China over the past 20 years. Earth Syst. Sci. Data. 15, 897–910. get PDF

44. Marqués L, Hufkens K, Bigler C, Crowther TW, Zohner CM, Stocker BD (2023). Acclimation of phenology relieves leaf longevity constraints in deciduous forests. Nature Ecology and Evolution7, 198–204. get PDF

43. Fu YH, Geng X, Chen S, Wu H, Hao F, Zhang X, Wu Z, Zhang J, Tang J, Vitasse Y, Zohner CM, Janssens I, Stenseth NC, Peñuelas J (2023). Global warming is increasing the discrepancy between green (actual) and thermal (potential) seasons of temperate trees. Global Change Biology. 29, 1377–1389. get PDF


42. Chen BJW, Teng SN, Zheng G, Cui L, Li S-P, Staal A, Eitel JUH, Crowther TW, Berdugo M, Mo L, Ma H, Bialic-Murphy L, Zohner CM, et al. (2022). Inferring plant–plant interactions using remote sensing. Journal of Ecology. 110, 2268–2287. get PDF

41. Maschler J, Bialic-Murphy L, Wan J, Andresen LC, Zohner CM, Reich PB, Lüscher A, Schneider MK, Müller C, Moser G, Dukes JS, Schmidt IK, Bilton MC, Zhu K, Crowther TW (2022). Links across ecological scales: Plant biomass responses to elevated CO2. Global Change Biology. 28, 6115–6134. get PDF

40. Zhang L, Yang L, Zohner CM, Crowther TW, Li M, Shen F, Guo M, Qin J, Yao L, Zhou C (2022). Direct and indirect impacts of urbanization on vegetation growth across the world’s cities. Science Advances. 8, eabo0095. get PDF

39. Maschler J, Keller J, Bialic-Murphy L, Zohner CM, Crowther TW (2022). Carbon source reduction postpones autumn leaf senescence in a widespread deciduous tree. Frontiers in Plant Science. 13:868860. get PDF

38. Wu Z, Wang S, Fu YH, Gong Y, Lin C-F, Zhao Y-P, Prevéy JS, Zohner CM (2022). Spatial difference of interactive effect between temperature and daylength on Ginkgo budburst. Frontiers in Plant Science. 13:887226. get PDF

37. Maynard DS, Bialic-Murphy L, Zohner CM, Averill C, van den Hoogen J, et al. (2022). Global trade-offs in tree functional traits. Nature Communications. 13:3185. get PDF

36. Vitasse Y, Baumgarten F, Zohner CM, Rutishauser T, Pietragalla B, Gehrig R, Dai J, Wang H, Aono Y, Sparks TH (2022). The great acceleration of plant phenological shifts. Nature Climate Change. 12, 300–304. get PDF

35. Renner SS, Zohner CM (2022). Trees growing in Eastern North America experience higher autumn solar irradiation than their European relatives, but is nitrogen limitation another factor explaining anthocyanin-red autumn leaves? Journal of Evolutionary Biology. 35, 183–188. get PDF


34. Wu Z, Chen S, De Boeck HJ, Stenseth NC, Tang J, Vitasse Y, Wang S, Zohner CM, Fu YH (2021). Atmospheric brightening counteracts warming-induced delays in autumn phenology of temperate trees in Europe. Global Ecology and Biogeography. 30, 2477–2487. get PDF

33. Vitasse Y, Baumgarten F, Zohner CM, Kaewthongrach R, Fu YH, Walde MG, Moser B (2021). Impact of microclimatic conditions and resource availability on spring and autumn phenology of temperate tree seedlings. New Phytologist. 232, 537-550. get PDF

32. Ma H, Mo L, Crowther TW, Maynard DS, van den Hoogen J, Stocker BD, Terrer C, Zohner CM* (2021). The global distribution and environmental drivers of aboveground versus belowground plant biomass. Nature Ecology and Evolution. 5, 1110-1122. get PDF

31. Baumgarten F, Zohner CM, Gessler A, Vitasse Y (2021). Chilled to be forced: the best dose to wake up buds from winter dormancy. New Phytologist. 230, 1366-1377. get PDF

30. Zohner CM*, Renner SS, Sebald V, Crowther TW (2021). How changes in spring and autumn phenology translate into growth—experimental evidence of asymmetric effects. Journal of Ecology. 109, 2717–2728. get PDF 

29. Zani D, Crowther TW, Mo L, Renner SS, Zohner CM* (2021). Response to comment on “Increased growing-season productivity drives earlier autumn leaf senescence in temperate trees”. Science. 371. get PDF

28. Renner SS, Wesche M, Zohner CM (2021). Flowering times from 1844 and climate data from the World’s oldest meteorological station deepen the record of phenological change. American Journal of Botany. 108, 711–717. get PDF


27. Zani D, Crowther TW, Mo L, Renner SS, Zohner CM* (2020). Increased growing-season productivity drives earlier autumn leaf senescence in temperate trees. Science. 370, 1066-1071. get PDF

26. Zohner CM*, Mo L, Renner SS, Svenning J-C, Vitasse Y et al. (2020). Late spring-frost risk between 1959 and 2017 decreased in North America, but increased in Europe and Asia. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 117, 12192–12200. get PDF

25. Zohner CM*, Mo L, Pugh T, Bastin J-F, Crowther TW (2020). Interactive climate factors restrict future increases in spring tree productivity. Global Change Biology. 26, 4042–4055. get PDF

24. Zohner CM*, Mo L, Sebald V, Renner SS (2020). Leaf-out in northern ecotypes of wide-ranging trees requires less spring warming, enhancing the risk of spring frost damage at cold range limits. Global Ecology and Biogeography. 29, 1065–1072. get PDF

23. Renner SS, Zohner CM (2020). Further analysis of 1532 deciduous woody species from North America, Europe, and Asia supports continental scale differences in red autumn coloration. New Phytologist. 228, 814–815. get PDF

22. Zohner CM*, Strauß AFT, Baumgarten F, Vitasse Y, Renner SS (2020). Rising air humidity during spring does not trigger leaf-out in temperate woody plants. New Phytologist. 225, 16–20. get PDF


21. Zohner CM* (2019). Phenology and the city. Nature Ecology and Evolution. get PDF

20. Zohner CM*, Rockinger A, Renner SS (2019). Increased autumn productivity permits temperate trees to compensate for spring frost damage. New Phytologist. 221, 789–795. get PDF

19. Zohner CM*, Renner SS (2019). Ongoing seasonally-uneven climate warming leads to earlier autumn growth cessation in deciduous trees. Oecologia. 189, 549–561. get PDF

18. Zohner CM*, Ramm E, Renner SS (2019). Examining the support-supply and bud-packing hypotheses for the increase in toothed leaf margins in northern deciduous floras. American Journal of Botany. 106, 1–8. get PDF

17. Hofmann M, Zohner CM, Renner SS (2019). Narrow habitat breadth and late-summer emergence increase extinction vulnerability in Central European bees. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 286, 20190316. get PDF

16. Renner SS, Zohner CM (2019). The occurrence of red and yellow autumn leaves explained by regional differences in insolation and temperature. New Phytologist. 224, 1464–1471. get PDF 

15. Bastin J-F, Finegold Y, Garcia C, Mollicone D, Rezende M., Routh D, Zohner CM, Crowther TW (2019). The global tree restoration potential. Science. 365, 76–79. get PDF

14. Bastin J-F, Clarke E, Elliott T, Hart S, Van den Hoogen J, Hordijk I, Ma H, Majumder S, Manoli G, Maschler J, Mo L, Routh D, Yu K, Zohner CM, Crowther CW (2019). Understanding climate change from a global analysis of city analogues. PLOS One. 14(7), e0217592. get PDF

13. Fu YH, Zhang X, Piao S, Hao F, Geng X, Vitasse Y, Zohner CM, Peñuelas J, Janssens IA (2019). Daylength helps temperate deciduous trees to leaf-out at the optimal time. Global Change Biology. 25, 2410–2418. get PDF

12. Fu YH, Geng X, Hao F, Vitasse Y, Zohner CM, Zhang X, Zhou X, Yin G, Peñuelas J, Piao S, Janssens IA (2019). Shortened temperature-relevant period for spring leaf-out in temperate trees. Global Change Biology. 25, 4282-4290. get PDF


11. Zohner CM*, Renner SS (2018). Global warming reduces leaf-out and flowering synchrony among individuals. eLife. 7, e40214. get PDF

10. Renner SS, Zohner, CM (2018). Climate change and phenological mismatch in trophic interactions among plants, insects, and vertebrates. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics. 49, 165–182. get PDF

9. Denk T, Zohner CM, Grimm GM, Renner SS (2018). Plant fossils reveal the major biomes occupied by the late Miocene Old-World Pikermian fauna. Nature Ecology and Evolution. 2, 1864–1870. get PDF

8. Yost JM, Sweeney PW, Gilbert E, Nelson G, Guralnick R, Gallinat AS, Ellwood ER, Willis C, Blum SD, Walls RL, Haston EM, Denslow MW, Zohner CM, Morris AB, Stucky BJ, Carter JR, Rossington N, Baxter DG, Bolmgren K, Denny EG, Dean E, Mishler BD, Mazer SJ, Soltis PS (2018). Digitization workflows for scoring phenology from herbarium specimens of seed plants. Applications in Plant Sciences 6, e1022. get PDF


7. Zohner CM*, Renner SS (2017). Innately shorter vegetation periods in North American species explain native–non-native phenological assymetries. Nature Ecology and Evolution 1, 1655-1660. Featured by various news outlets including Science Daily, Phys.Org, and BioPortfolio. Read the story behind the paper here. get PDF

6. Zohner CM*, Benito BM, Fridley JD, Svenning J-C, Renner SS (2017). Spring predictability explains different leaf-out strategies in the woody floras of North America, Europe, and East Asia. Ecology Letters 20, 452–460. get PDF

5. Desnoues E, Ferreira de Carvalho J, Zohner CM, Crowther TW (2017). The relative roles of local climate adaptation and phylogeny in determining leaf-out timing of temperate tree species. Forest Ecosystems. 4, 26. get PDF


4. Zohner CM*, Benito BM, Svenning J-C, Renner SS (2016). Day length unlikely to constrain climate-driven shifts in leaf-out times of northern woody plants. Nature Climate Change 6, 1120–1123. Featured by various news outlets including Phys.Org, Earth Archives, and Environmental Research Web. get PDF

3. Muffler L, Beierkuhnlein C, Aas G, Jentsch A, Schweiger AH, Zohner CM, Kreyling J (2016). Distribution ranges and spring phenology explain late frost sensitivity of 170 woody plants from the Northern hemisphere. Global Ecology and Biogeography 25, 1061–1071. get PDF


2. Zohner CM*, Renner SS (2015). Perception of photoperiod in individual buds of mature trees regulates leaf-out. New Phytologist 208, 1023–1030. get PDF


1. Zohner CM*, Renner SS (2014). Common garden comparison of the leaf-out phenology of woody species from different native climates, combined with herbarium records, forecasts long-term change. Ecology Letters 17, 1016–1025. Featured by various news outlets including Phys.Org and Science Daily. get PDF